Originally founded on the Roman military camp Argentoratum, Strasbourg is a city where every district and each building expresses a unique and treasured history. Thus the walk in the city center is a real journey through the prosperous era of the Middle Ages, where trade was flourishing, but also a discovery of the splendor of the Renaissance, and the experience of the commencement of the construction of Europe.
The pink sandstone cathedral , which bore witness to the medieval opulence, remains the undisputed symbol of the city. It took four centuries to construct this church building, which was built in honor of Our Lady. The work began in 1015 on the foundations of a Roman basilica and its famous tower was completed in 1439. This makes this architectural masterpiece a unique synthesis of the medieval arts.
If Strasbourg has a strong and complex identity, it comes from its eventful history. A story that seemed to accelerate after 1870, as the city then became a strategic issue between Germany and France and changed its nationality in the space of 75 years.
But shortly after the Second World War, Strasbourg committed to the path of Franco-German reconciliation and then the construction of Europe.
Strasbourg became the headquarters of Europe in 1949 and received the first meeting of the ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community) in 1952. Strasbourg is the seat of the European Court of Human Rights and the official seat (since the Edinburgh European Council in 1992) of the European Parliament: it is, with Geneva and New York, one of the few cities in the world that holds the title of The Headquarters of International Organisations, without being a state capital.